It is a "spectrum disorder" in that like a graph from small to large, everyone has some of it, other have a lot of it.
From this site, list of 'famous people' who have registered on the spectrum with varying degrees of a dose of it:
Dan Aykroyd – Comedic Actor
Hans Christian Andersen – Children’s Author
Benjamin Banneker – African American almanac author, surveyor, naturalist, and farmer
Susan Boyle – Singer
Tim Burton – Movie Director
Lewis Carroll – Author of “Alice in Wonderland”
Henry Cavendish – Scientist
Charles Darwin – Naturalist, Geologist, and Biologist
Emily Dickinson – Poet
Paul Dirac – Physicist
Albert Einstein – Scientist & Mathematician
Bobby Fischer – Chess Grandmaster
Bill Gates – Co-founder of the Microsoft Corporation
Temple Grandin – Animal Scientist
Daryl Hannah – Actress & Environmental Activist
Thomas Jefferson – Early American Politician
Steve Jobs – Former CEO of Apple
James Joyce – Author of “Ulysses”
Alfred Kinsey – Sexologist & Biologist
Stanley Kubrick – Film Director
Barbara McClintock – Scientist and Cytogeneticist
Michelangelo – Sculptor, Painter, Architect, Poet
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart – Classical Composer
Sir Isaac Newton – Mathematician, Astronomer, & Physicist
Jerry Seinfeld – Comedian
Satoshi Tajiri – Creator of Nintendo’s Pokémon
Nikola Tesla – Inventor
Andy Warhol – Artist
Ludwig Wittgenstein – Philosopher
William Butler Yeats – Poet
Apparently Sir Arthur Conan Doyle wrote Sherlock Holmes as having a hefty dose of it.
There was a TV show a while back called "HOUSE" about a cranky doctor with zero social skills who also had an amazing ability to directly see what the problem was and that seems to fit a lot of folks on the list.
Inventors, scientists, OUT OF THE BOX THINKERS, etc.. usually with very high intelligence; keen thinkers who could see a situation that few others could.
The usual weirdos.